The piranha, in spite of its tiny size, is one of the most feared fish in the world. Piranhas live in the Aaron River, have very sharp teeth, and are capable of eating four times their body weight daily. This would not be so bad, if it were not for the way they attack in numbers. Even the smallest movement, like splashing your hand in the water, is enough to attract 300 piranhas in an instant A piranha attack can transform a live cow into a skeleton in a matter of minutes. When there is nothing else to eat, they will even eat each other.
78) According to the passage, the piranha________.
a) is the world’s smallest fish
b)would not be so bad if it was better understood
c)has sharp teeth and a large appetite
d)lives largely on a diet of its own species
79) The passage tells us that________.
a)piranhas are dangerous because so many of them gather to attack their prey
b)a single piranha can eat a cow in a matter of minutes
c)the average piranha eats four other piranhas every day
d) piranhas are useless because they are not edible
80) it is stated in the passage that in the absence of food, piranhas________.
a) feed on each other
b)migrate to other rivers
c)get smaller in size
d)face a decline in their numbers
World population is increasing at an alarming rate, despite birth control and family planning. it is estimated that by the year 2060, the Earth will have 10 billion people. Governments, and particularly governments of developing countries, will face major challenges to provide for their growing populations. The first and the most obvious challenge is to provide an adequate food supply. Next is to build adequate housing. Severe unemployment will also be a problem if new jobs are not created in accordance with the increasing population. The last, and the possibly most important, is the challenge of providing education for everyone.
81)The author believes that_______.
a) the effects of growing populations will be felt worse in developing countries
b) there will be few developing countries by the year 2060
c) unemployment is more important than shortage of housing
d) everyone has a right to a free education
82)According to the passage, governments________.
a) of developed countries should help those of poorer countries
b) will face four important problems because of growing populations
c) are generally too bureaucratic to deal with their problems
d) will need to house 10 billion extra people by the year 2060
83)It is implied in the passage that_______.
a) governments will have to be strong enough to meet the challenges of over-population
b) some of the current jobs will become outdated in the future as new ones are created
c) education is the best way to stop the world population growth
d) there won’t be a major world famine during the next century
84)word ‘adequate’ is closest in meaning to __________________________.
a)more b) enough c) excessive d) limited
POPULAR vs. QUALITY NEWSPAPERS
Students of English as a foreign language often ask teachers which newspapers to read. They naturally suppose that reading an English newspaper will be a good way of improving their knowledge of the language. But they are frequently disappointed because they cannot understand popular newspapers and think the ‘quality ‘ newspapers will be even more difficult. In fact the opposite is usually the case. Popular newspapers are written for people who haven’t got much time for reading and who, perhaps do not read as fast or enjoy reading as much as people who buy ‘quality’ newspapers. So, the editors try to attract the readers’ attention with sensationalheadlines in big black type. The headlines do not explain the content of the news item underneath. On the contrary they are often designed to puzzle the reader so that he will be persuaded to read the item to find out the meaning of the headline! Apart from that, they use double meanings, so a foreign reader is usually confused by them. Editors are also afraid that the readers will not be patient enough to read a long paragraph. Therefore .almost every sentence becomes a paragraph in itself, which is also a disadvantage for the student of English as a foreign language.
Mark the best choice.
85)Students of English as a foreign language want to read English newspapers because________.
a) they are disappointed in the difficulty of newspapers
b) they don’t have much time to read
c) they think they will learn the language better this way
d) None of the above is correct
86) Line 5, ‘in fact, the opposite is usually the case’ means___________
a) quality newspapers are less difficult to read than popular newspapers
b) students can read popular newspapers easily
c) people who read popular newspapers have a lot of time for reading
d) popular newspapers aren’t written for people who do not have time for reading
87)Editors think that people who read popular newspapers_____________.
a) do not have much time to read
b) do not enjoy reading very much
c) cannot read very fast
d) Ali of the above are correct
88) Line 7 ‘sensational’ means _____.
a) beautiful b) interesting c)serious d)huge
89)Line 9 ” they” refers to_______.
a)the readers b) the editors c) the headlines d) the news items
90) Line 10 ‘they ‘ refers to_______
a) the readers b) the editors c) the headlines d) the news items
91)Which of the following is not a disadvantage of a popular newspaper?
a) The sentences are long
b) The headlines do not explain the content of the news item underneath.
c) foreign readers are confused by the headlines.
d) The headlines are big and black.
The oldest specimens of glass we know of are Egyptian, and it is quite probable that the land of the Pharaohs was the original home of glass. The glass of early Egypt, usually opaque and colored, was made in small pieces for purposes of decoration, or in the form of vases, tiny vessel, or omamentel figures. Many of these glass articles have been found in tombs six thousand years old.
The ancient Egyptians knew not only how to make glass, but how to make exquisite art glass pieces. They also used glass to imitate precious stones. From its earliest years glass has led a double life – one of great usefulness and beauty, and one of glittering pretense.
92)The words ” six thousand years old” (line 4) refer to
a) glass articles b) tombs c) Pharaohs d) ancient Egypt
93)It is most probable that glass was originally used by .
a) modem Egyptians b) Indians to adorn themselves
c) ancient Egyptians d) American manufacturers of glassware
94) Which statement is correct? in its early days glass was____________.
a) never made in colors b) never useful!
c) used to imitate precious stones d) always made in large pieces
95. The word ” imitate” means
a) take b) copy c) use d) make
96) We may infer that the Egyptian glass articles
a) could last a long time b) lasted a few years only
c) have never been found d) were not beautiful
97) Glass has always led a double life because of its
a) age and art b) opaqueness and transparency
c) colorlessness and colorfulness d) usefulness and glittering pretense.
98) Glass was originally used for
a) drinking glasses b) mirrors c) tombs of the Pharaohs d) decoration
99) The paragraphs suggest that glass always was
a) useful b) scarce c) opaque d) expensive
100)The paragraphs indicate that the Pharaohs were
a) in Egypt b) glass manufacturers
c) manufacturers of precious stones d) dealers in ornamental figures
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